Team development is an approach where training and support is provided to a group of individuals so that they can work as an organized unit to achieve organizational goals. A team must share the same attitude and orientation to balance individual and common goals, B2B Email List because only then can they work together and achieve team development.
Building and maintaining a team with members with different abilities is not an easy task. It takes considerable effort to create a growth mindset among individuals so that they can stop thinking about individual needs and replace them with team goals and accomplishments.
The 5 Stages of Team Development
Bruce Tuckman was a psychology researcher who published a theory known as Tuckman's Stages of Group Development in 1965. According to his original theory there are four stages of team development Forming, Storming, Norming and Performing but in 1977 , he added a fifth stage of team development the deferment stage.
The five stages of team development follow each other so that individuals can become an effective team that can mitigate weaknesses and build strengths. According to Tuckman's theory, a team cannot grow overnight. He must go through the five stages to create team dynamics and achieve the desired results.
What is the formative stage of team development?
Stage 1 Forming, as the name suggests, is the first of five stages of team development. This is the introductory or honeymoon phase, as all individuals must begin to make adjustments to be part of the team. Members often experience various emotions in the beginning like enthusiasm, nervousness, politeness, optimism, and apprehension as they are insecure about each other.
The forming stage of team development is when individuals begin to understand that they are an integral part of the team and will need to work together. They try to familiarize themselves with the basic aspects of their tasks, roles and responsibilities through discussions on topics such as project purpose, ground rules, designation of authority, interest, background and the skills of the members, the deadlines and the role of the team members. The forming stage of development helps to develop a better understanding and a strong relationship with each other.
What is the assault phase of team development?
Stage 2 storming as its name suggests is the second of five stages of team development. It often occurs during the first conflict and means that the honeymoon period is over. As team members begin to work together, there will be interpersonal and technical challenges and differences in opinions, work styles and personalities. Sometimes members are overwhelmed with tasks, or they are unable to find work balance and in some cases team leaders can be challenged by a member who thinks they can do a better job.
The initial excitement and politeness are often replaced by anxiety, annoyance, frustration and disagreements. People realize that the reality is very different from the initial glow of working together harmoniously. The assault phase of team development is important because the leader must step in and fix any problems. He will have to make sure that each member develops a better understanding and communication and gives his one hundred percent for the well-being of the team. This is the leapfrog stage of development where the leader ensures that each person has stopped thinking about individual needs and started seeing themselves as part of the team.
What is the normalization stage of team development?
The 3rd Stage of Normalization, as the name suggests, is the third of five stages of team development. It is often called the calm after the storm, as members learn to manage conflict and proceed amicably. The work environment becomes familiar and normal and people feel comfortable in their common spaces. The skills of the members are validated, they are aware of their role in the team and are part of a rhythm to become a coherent unit.
The normalizing stage of team development is the stage where team members learn to ignore small problems, respect group norms, appreciate the strength of the group, respect and respect each other. ensure that the group dynamic remains strong. Interaction and communication also become open, which leads to better interactions. When taking on new tasks, few conflicts may arise in the normalization phase of team development, but it becomes easier to address and resolve them cordially.
What is the performance phase of team development?
As the name suggests, Stage 4 of Performance is the fourth of five stages of team development. Here the members get to know each other and the group becomes confident and motivated. Everyone is on the same page and starts working for their common goal. Team learning, group init